2015-09-30

Blue Cliff Record 97, Book of Serenity 58

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Blue Cliff Record (Hekiganroku, Biyan Lu) #97
Book of Serenity (Shoyoroku, Congrong Lu) #58
The Diamond Sutra's "The Transgression is Wiped Out"

Personnel
The Diamond Sūtra (in Sanskrit, Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra) is a short (about 6,000 words in English) Mahāyāna sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā ("Perfection of Wisdom") canon. Scholars believe the original text of the Diamond Sutra was written in India some time in the 2nd century CE. The original Sanskrit version is lost; the oldest extant version is Kumarajiva's 401 CE translation of the sutra into Chinese. Framed as a dialog between Buddha and the monk Subhuti, the Diamond Sutra emphasizes the practice of non-abiding and non-attachment.

Case
The Diamond Sutra says, "If anyone is despised by others, even if he has committed some serious transgression in a former life and been doomed to fall into the evil world, the transgression in the former life is wholly wiped out by virtue of the fact that he is despised in this life."

Diamond Sutra, chapter 16
Thich Nhat Hanh translation
"Furthermore, Subhuti, if a son or daughter of good family, while reciting and practicing this sutra, is disdained or slandered, his or her misdeeds committed in past lives, including those that could bring about an evil destiny, will be eradicated, and he or she will attain the fruit of the most fulfilled, awakened mind."

Red Pine translation
"Nevertheless, Subhuti, the noble son or daughter who grasps, memorizes, recites, and masters such a sutra as this and contemplates it thoroughly and explains it in detail to others will suffer their contempt, their utter contempt. And how could this be? Subhuti, the bad karma created by these beings in their past lives should result in an unfortunate rebirth. But now, by suffering such contempt, they put an end to the bad karma of their past lives and attain the enlightenment of buddhas."

BLUE CLIFF RECORD

Yuanwu's Preface
If you take up one and let two go, you are not yet an adept; even to understand three corners when one is raised still goes against the fundamental essence. Even if you get heaven and earth to change instantly, without rejoinder from the four quarters, thunder rolling and lightning flying, clouds moving and rain rushing, overturning lakes and toppling cliffs, like a pitcher pouring, like a bowl emptying, you have still not raised up a half. Is there anyone who can turn the polar star, who can shift the axis of the earth? To test, see the Case.

Xuedou's Verse
The bright pearl in the palm is awarded to the accomplished.
   Holding the jewel, merit is rewarded.
If neither alien nor native comes, it has no skills at all.
   Free from merit, the jewel reflects no more.
If one has no skills, the devil loses the way.
   Truly meritless, the heavens seek in vain.
Gautama, Gautama, do you recognize me or not?
   Gautama, Gautama, do you know the secret?
"Completely exposed!"
   "Everything lies open," says Xuedou again.

Mahasattva Fu's Verse
In a previous embodiment there were consequential hindrances;
Today accepting and upholding the scripture,
Temporarily slighted and scorned by people,
It turns the serious back into light

Hakuin's Comment
There is something of significance here, you know; no more can be said about it.

Tenkei's Comment
In bringing out this passage, Xuedou breaks up the cave of scholasticism, sets for the Zen eye, and versifies the great meaning of the scripture.

Sekida's Comment
When you are despised by others, for whatever reason, if you can hold on to your ordinary mind and remain unaffected by the actions of others, you are absolved of your previous transgressions.

Yamada's Comment
For the evil karma to disappear you must realize that your true nature is totally empty. This is the only way. The Diamond Prajna Paramita Sutra is certainly not just the sutra written on paper. The real Diamond Sutra is your true self, your essential nature. You should constantly keep your attention on your true self and realize the emptiness of all things. Just being scorned by others would not have that much power to extinguish past evil karma. No, it is in the act of ceaselessly "reciting" the sutra of your true self every moment of the day and never straying from it. For such people it is very true that the evil karma of a former life is extinguished. If everything is totally empty, anything like sin or evil karma is also totally empty.

Rothenberg's Verse
The Scorn of the Time
When heaven changes to earth,
the sky tumbles down, lakes go belly-up.
Cliffs fall over like a teapot cracking
beneath the weight of the tea.
Our own scorn smothers the history of evil.
The latest snow obscures the last.
Boiling water still melts ice.
I always turn the answers around in my fingers.
I urge you to stop before reaching the end:
You must check if the words are still emitting light.
A jewel in the palm reflects rays to the sun.
You lose it at once when it's case in the waters,
not for friend nor for enemy,
know me or fool me,
all lies open to you.

BOOK OF SERENITY

Wansong's Preface
Understanding the meaning based on the scriptures is the enemy of the Buddhas of all times; deviating one word from the scriptures is the same as devil talk. Does someone who is not included in cause or effect still experience the results of action or not?

Hongzhi's Verse
Continuous, merit and fault:
   Success and failure bound together;
Inextricable, cause and effect.
   cause and effect glued together.
Outside of the mirror crazily ran Yajnadatta.
   Outside the mirror Enyadatta crazily runs;
With the staff the oven-breaker struck -- the oven fell;
   Hasoda swings the staff and the kiln is smashed.
The spirit came to celebrate,
   The spirit comes forth to congratulate him.
Only to be told he'd been turning away from his self.
   Why say you've been beholden till now?

Wick's Comment
In fact, your practice can be said to be a means of dealing with karma and its consequences. When it's time to scream, we scream; when it is time to laugh, we laugh; when it is time to cry, we cry; when it's cold, we're cold; when you're reviled, be reviled. You have to be one with cause and effect. The principle of causation means that those who practice oneness, those that truly identify themselves with causes and effects will be released. It's as straightforward as that.

Sonya Gardenswartz's Verse
Turning around once
Sit thee down and
There’s no turning back
   In a previous embodiment there were consequential hindrances
All my ancient twisted karma
   Revealing continuous merit and fault
From beginningless greed hate and delusion
   Inextricable cause and effect
I now fully avow
   Today accepting and upholding the scripture
Not holding to so much as the letter “A”
   It turns the serious back into light
Embracing completely who you are
Taking time to bow without hurry
Leaves a traceless residue

Martin Luther King Jr. Quote
Unearned suffering is redemptive.

Hotetsu's Verse
The people hate you, of course.
They know you for the liar, the thief, the murderer that you are.
Can you be saved? Redeemed?
Maybe. Just tell me this:
How deeply grateful are you for their hatred?

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