2017-11-23

Book of Serenity 49

102
Book of Serenity (Shoyoroku, Congrong Lu) #49
Dongshan and the Memorial Service

Personnel
  • Dongshan Liangjie (Tozan Ryokai, 807-69, 11th gen). Go to DONGSHAN
  • Yunyan Tansheng (Ungan Donjo, 780-841, 10th gen). Go to YUNYAN
  • An unnamed monk
Wansong's Preface
However hard one may try,
It can never be depicted, it can never be drawn.
Puhua made a somersault*, Longya exposed only half his body.**
After all, what is the appearance of that One?
[*Master Panshan (720-814), shortly before his death, brought in his disciples and told them to depict the Greatest Matter. Puhua (d. 860) made a somersault and went out.
**There is a portrait of Longya (835-920), on which only the half of his body is painted. On the back side of the portrait stand the following verses: “The sun comes out and lines itself with the mountains; the moon is round and shines upon each house. This is not no-body; I do not want to expose all.”]
Case
When Dongshan held a memorial service for Yunyan before his portrait, he told the episode related to the portrait.
Then a monk asked, “When Yunyan said, 'Just this!' what did that mean?”
Dongshan said, “At that time, I almost misunderstood my master's intention.”
The monk said, “I wonder whether or not Yunyan really knew that it is.”
Dongshan said, “If he did not know that it is, how could he say like that? If he knew that it is, how did he dare say like that?”
Background: "The Episode Related to the Portrait"
Dongshan was still a young monk under Yunyan.
One day, when he was leaving his master, he asked Yunyan, “After your passing, if I am asked by someone whether I have your portrait [or: "if I can describe your reality"], what should I answer?”
Yunyan remained silent for a while and then said, “Just this [is it].”
Dongshan sank into thought.
When Dongshan was about to go, Yunyan called to Dongshan, “Dear Liangji [Dongshan’s given name]!”, and said, “If you want to attain this Great Matter, go straight to it and be utmost precise!”
Dongshan left without saying anything more. Later, as he was crossing a river he saw his reflection and then for the first time was thoroughly enlightened. Thereupon he composed a verse.
Dongshan's Verse Upon His Enlightenment
Just don't seek from others, or you'll be far estranged from Self.
I now go on alone; everywhere I meet It:
It now is me; I now am not It.
One must understand in this way to merge with thusness.
Hongzhi's Verse (Wick trans, with Cleary trans in italics)
How could he speak thus?
   How could he be able to say this?
Fifth watch, and a cock crows: dawn in the forest of houses.
   In the third watch the cock crows -- Dawn for the forest of homes.
Why did he even speak thus?
   How could he be willing to say this?
Thousand-year-old crane and cloud-piercing pine together grow old.
   The thousand-year crane grows old with the pine in the clouds.
The jewel mirror lucidly tests Absolute and Relative:
   The jewel mirror, clear and bright, shows absolute and relative:
the bejeweled loom, with shuttle flying.
See the unstopped finish.
   The jade machine revolves -- see them both show up at once.
The school's style prospers greatly; rules mosey along.
   The Way of the school is greatly influential, its regulated steps continuous and fine:
Father and son transforming throughout,
their charisma expanding.
   Father and son change and pass through -- oceanic is their fame.
Dongshan Background (from Wansong)
Dongshan first dwelt at Baiji temple on Mount Xinfeng in the latter part of the Dazhong era of the Tang dynasty (847-859); later he moved to Mount Dong at Gaoan in Yuzhang, where he was the first generation. As he was conducting a memorial service for Yunyan, a monk asked, "What instruction did you receive at your late teacher's place?"
Dongshan said, "Although I was there, I didn't receive his instruction."
The monk said, "Then why conduct a service for him?"
Dongshan said, "Even so, how dare I turn my back on him?"
The monk said, "You rose to prominence at Nanquan's -- then why do you instead conduct a service for Yunyan?"
Dongshan said, "I do not esteem my late teacher's virtues or his buddhist teaching; I only value the fact that he didn't explain everything for me."
The monk said, "You succeeded to the late teacher; then do you agree with him or not?"
Dongshan said, "I half agree, half don't agree."
The monk said, "Why don't you completely agree?"
Dongshan said, "If I completely agreed, then I would be unfaithful to my late teacher."
Wick's Comment
If Yunyan didn't know the essence, how could he say anything about it? If he did know the essence, for what reason would he say anything about it? What would you say?
Yamada's Comment
The monk said, “I wonder whether or not Yunyan really knew that it is.” The monk is asking whether Yunyan really knew that “there is essential nature.” To say such a thing already becomes a concept and “dirties” essential nature when you speak in terms of true self or essential nature. But he does not use such names.
Dongshan said, “If he did not know that it is, how could he say like that? If he knew that it is, how did he dare say like that?” In other words, if Yunyan had not realized that world, how could he have said “just this?” It was because he had realized it that he was able to say what he did. The second part means that, if he still knew that it is, (i.e., if he was still clinging to an idea of there being something like satori or being enlightened), how could he have said it like he did? So the world of “just this” means coming to great enlightenment and then completely forgetting, completely wiping away any trace of that enlightenment. It is only then that you can truly say, “just this.” Then there is “thusness” or “suchness.” When you stand there is only standing. When you sit there is only sitting. When you are sad there is only sad, with nothing else sticking to it. Wansong's Preface asks, “After all, what is the appearance of that One?” In this koan, Yunyan represents the appearance of the person who has completely grasped the matter.
Daido's Comment
"This is it" is not a matter of intellect. The more you linger in thought over it, the further you stray from the truth. A lightning bolt arrives as it departs, in a single instant. Any reflection on the matter is an abstraction of its reality. Now tell me, without falling into intellectual interpretations and without standing in dumb silence, how do you see it?
As for ancestor Dongshan's answer to the monastic, "If he didn't know it, how could he have said these words?" it is as clear as the bright dawning sun of the first morning. As for "If he did know it, how could he have said these words?" it is as present as the valley stream hidden in the morning mist.
Daido's Verse
Deep in these mountains
is an ancient pond.
Shallow or deep,
its bottom has never been seen.
Taigen Shizan's Verse
Dongshan Presents Offerings: Presented to My Teacher from Over a Bridge
The immediate offering of Just This cannot be tolled.
Not grasping outside, who would fail to taste?
Waiting for someone to whom I never need explain,
When the jade workings turn, the apparent is real, and real apparent.
Now I am not you, but how truly you are me.
Just this, Just this--caring for it well;
Though I cross the great water, everywhere I meet you,
Only half agreeing, I work to repay my ancient debt.
Hotetsu's Verse
Silent, I unconscionably allow the lies to stand.
Speaking, I only introduce new lies.
Sit, stand, walk, eat, wash, sleep.
Speaking or silent,
Dustless truth presents continuously.
Sit, stand, walk, eat, wash, sleep.

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